Recognising symptoms of heart failure



Heart failure is a complex condition that means the heart becomes less able to pump nutrient-rich and freshly oxygenated blood around the body.

That can cause a number of symptoms during exercise or at rest, including:

  • Breathlessness
  • Feeling breathless when lying flat – and needing to use pillows or sit upright to breathe more comfortably
  • Waking suddenly because of breathlessness
  • Fatigue
  • Weight gain
  • Swollen ankles.

There are many potential causes of heart failure so a careful physical examination, as well as blood tests, an ECG and an echocardiogram, are important for further assessment.

Many patients experience a significant improvement in quality of life with medication alone though a number of other treatment options may need to be considered as well.

Check out our heart failure page to learn more about this condition: heart failure | Connected Cardiology


This article is for reference purposes only – it is not designed to be, nor should it be regarded, as professional medical advice. Please consult your own medical practitioner for health advice specific to your condition.